Newroz


Newroz
   Newroz (new sun, day, or year) is celebrated as the beginning of the Kurdish New Year on 21 March, when spring begins. Other Iranic peoples along the ancient Silk Road also celebrate the occasion. It is the most important Kurdish national holiday of the year and, because of its association with freedom, has also become the most important Kurdish nationalist holiday. During the early years of its long-running rebellion (1978-present), the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) often began its spring offenses and other violent attacks against the Turkish state on Newroz. In a clumsy effort to preempt this Kurdish national holiday, the government of Turkey suddenly announced in 1995 that the date—which it termed Nevrozwas in fact a Turkish holiday commemorating the day the Turks first left their ancestral Asian homeland, Ergenekon.
   Newroz celebrations can last for a week or more. People visit each other's houses for festive meals, and gifts are sometimes given. It is traditional to end quarrels, forgive debts, and overlook enmity and insults. Bonfires are also frequently lit, and exuberant Kurds jump over them. These bonfires may possibly be associated with the Kurds' Zoroastrian past. Newroz is also associated with the legend of the blacksmith Kawa, who defeated the ruthless ruler Zohhak (or Dahak), who had been feeding the brains of young men to two giant serpents' heads growing from his shoulders. In other versions, however, Zohhak is a Kurdish hero.
   There is considerable confusion among Kurds concerning their calendar because, in addition to their own Kurdish one, they have occasion to use the Muslim, Gregorian, and Iranian calendars. The Kurdish calendar is a solar one that consists of 365 days and a leap year every four years. It begins on Newroz, which is the day that spring begins. It is also identical to the Iranian calendar except for the names of the months and the original beginning year. The Iranian calendar commences with the fall of the Assyrian Empire in 612 BCE, and the Kurdish calendar starts in 380 CE, which was the fall of the Kurdish Kavusakan dynasty (House of Kayus), plus an unexplained seven extra years. Thus the year 2009 CE would be 1622 in the Kurdish calendar.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Newroz TV — est une télévision kurde qui diffuse depuis l Europe des programmes en kurmandji, soranî, anglais et persan. Elle a été créée en 2007 pour les kurdes d Iran. La chaîne est accessible dans 78 pays : Depuis le satellite Eurobird 9  :… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Newroz — Newroz,   kurdisches Neujahrsfest, Nauroz. * * * Nẹw|roz, das; (meist ohne Artikel) [kurdisch newroz, eigtl. = neuer Tag (im Sinne von »erster Tag einer neuen Zeit, eines neuen Jahres«)]: zum Frühlingsbeginn am 21. März gefeiertes kurdisches… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Newroz — Norouz Norouz (aussi transcrit Nevruz, Noe Rooz, Newroz, Norooz, Noruz, Novruz, Noh Ruz, Nauroz, Nav roze, Navroz, Náw Rúz ou Novrouz et en persan نوروز) est la fête traditionnelle iranienne célébrant le nouvel an du calendrier iranien (premier… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Newroz — Haft Sin zu Nouruz Nouruz (persisch ‏نو روز‎) ist der Name des altiranischen Neujahrs und Frühlingsfests am 20. März oder am 21. März. Andere Schreibweise lauten: Nowruz, persische Aussprache: Nourus oder Naurus, Kurdisch: Newroz oder Nûroj,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Newroz as celebrated by Kurds — This article is about the Kurds celebrating the Iranic feast of Nowruz. For the main article, see Nowruz. Newroz or Nûroj[1] (Kurdish: نه‌ورۆز/Newroz/Nûroj, also: Gulus[2] Kurdish: گوڵوس) refers to the celebration of the traditional Iranian new… …   Wikipedia

  • Norouz — Newroz, Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, Nevruz * …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Науроз ТВ — Newroz TV Зона вещания весь мир [источ …   Википедия

  • Nowruz — For other uses, see Nowruz (disambiguation). Nowrūz Also called Also spelled Nouruz, Norouz, Norooz, Narooz, Nawruz, Newroz, Newruz, Nauruz, Nawroz, Noruz, Nohrooz, Novruz, Nauroz, Navroz, Naw Rúz, Nowroj, Navroj, Nevruz …   Wikipedia

  • Fête de Norouz — Norouz Norouz (aussi transcrit Nevruz, Noe Rooz, Newroz, Norooz, Noruz, Novruz, Noh Ruz, Nauroz, Nav roze, Navroz, Náw Rúz ou Novrouz et en persan نوروز) est la fête traditionnelle iranienne célébrant le nouvel an du calendrier iranien (premier… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fête de Nowruz — Norouz Norouz (aussi transcrit Nevruz, Noe Rooz, Newroz, Norooz, Noruz, Novruz, Noh Ruz, Nauroz, Nav roze, Navroz, Náw Rúz ou Novrouz et en persan نوروز) est la fête traditionnelle iranienne célébrant le nouvel an du calendrier iranien (premier… …   Wikipédia en Français


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